Working With Cipher Class in Java (For Achieving Cryptographic Security)


In this article we are going to describe cryptographic data security using the cipher class of Java. I describe a Cipher class with its constructor or method details. And I give you an example; that's why you can easily understand its uses.

Encryption and Decryption

Encryption is the conversion of data into a form, called a cipher text, that cannot be easily understood by unauthorized people. Decryption is the process of converting encrypted data back into its original form, so it can be understood. In other words, cryptography and encryption is the process of transforming information (referred to as plaintext) using an algorithm (called a cipher) to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing a special knowledge, usually referred to as a key. The result of the process is encrypted information (in cryptography, referred to as cipher text). The reverse process, i.e., to make the encrypted information readable again, is referred to as decryption.


Cipher class

In Java Cipher is a sprat class and this class is given in the javax.crypto package. This class is specially designed for encryption and decryption. It provides the functionality of a cryptographic cipher for encryption and decryption. It forms the core of the Java Cryptographic Extension (JCE) framework. In order to create a Cipher object, the application calls the Cipher's getInstance method, and passes the name of the requested transformation to it. Optionally, the name of a provider may be specified.

Constructor details:
This class has only one constructor and the constructor takes three arguments.

Cipher(CipherSpi cipherSpi ,Provider provider,String transformation)

Argument summary

cipherSpi - the delegate
provider - the provider
transformation - the transformation


import javax.crypto.Cipher;

import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;

import javax.crypto.SecretKey;

import javax.swing.JOptionPane;


public class EncryptionExample {


      public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {


            // create a key generator based upon the Blowfish cipher

            KeyGenerator keygenerator = KeyGenerator.getInstance("Blowfish");


            // create a key

            SecretKey secretkey = keygenerator.generateKey();


            // create a cipher based upon Blowfish

            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("Blowfish");


            // initialise cipher to with secret key

            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, secretkey);


            // get the text to encrypt

            String inputText = JOptionPane.showInputDialog("Input your message: ");


            // encrypt message

            byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(inputText.getBytes());


            // re-initialise the cipher to be in decrypt mode

            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, secretkey);


            // decrypt message

            byte[] decrypted = cipher.doFinal(encrypted);


            // and display the results


                        "Enter text for Encryption: " + new String(encrypted) + "\n"

                                    + "Decryted tag: " + new String(decrypted));


            // end example






cmd output


The following dialog box will appear:


Now you enter your message in the following dialog box:


The following dialog box show you the message in the encrypted form and decrypted form.