Difference Between SharePoint Environments


Organizations use SharePoint to create websites. You can use it as a secure place to store, organize, share and access information from nearly any device.

This SharePoint can be used in the following two ways:

  • SharePoint Online, Office 365 cloud

  • SharePoint On Premise, SharePoint server in your local system




Organizations can deploy and manage SharePoint Server on-premises. It includes all the features of SharePoint Foundation. And it offers additional features and capabilities such as Enterprise Content Management, business intelligence, enterprise search, personal sites and Newsfeed

A cloud-based service, hosted by Microsoft, for businesses of all sizes. Instead of installing and deploying SharePoint Server on-premises, any business can subscribe to an Office 365 plan or to the standalone SharePoint Online service.

SharePoint Server 2013 builds on the investments of previous SharePoint releases to help:

  • Lower IT costs with a flexible and scalable collaboration platform
  • Better manage risk by safeguarding your business with secure and reliable capabilities
  • Increase productivity through cost-effective and efficient management 

SharePoint Online delivers the powerful features of SharePoint without the associated overhead of managing the infrastructure on your own. Flexible management options ensure that you still retain the control you need to meet the compliance requirements of your organization. You can purchase SharePoint in the cloud as a standalone offering or as part of an Office 365 suite, where you can also get access to Exchange, Lync, the Office clients and web apps.

On-premise solutions require an internal IT support structure including people, hardware and software, or the use of a Managed Service Provider (MSP).
For example: Local ADMIN team

Cloud-based solutions reduce the dependency on internal resources and typically provide better globally deployed failover and redundancy features.

The SharePoint server Farm is within the corporate network.

The SharePoint sites reside in the Microsoft Data Centre (MDC).

The IT Support team maintains the SharePoint Farm and regularly applies

Microsoft team will update the patch and maintain properly. Microsoft patches and updates.

The on-premise Active Directory is used for authentication.
Full access to use and customize any SharePoint feature as needed.

It lives on the cloud. You don't have access to any physical assets/files.
You can only work with files living in the database (in other words libraries) or that are hosted in the cloud as well

Costs involved for Purchase/Maintain Hardware, Software licenses and so on.

Annual subscriptions for Office 365 Plans are billed on a per-user basis.

For customization, full support for server-side code and client-side code, App usage from OAC and SAS.

Full support client-side, limited support server-side, can use Apps from OAC or SAS.

For Deployment, a full trust solution can be deployed. Features in Farm solutions can have a scope as wide as the site collection, web application, or an entire Farm Public facing website with much of the customization is possible. A custom “Managed Path” allows more control to be delegated to power users,

A full trust solution cannot be deployed, only Sandboxed solutions are possible with scope up to the site collection level Public facing website with much of the customization is not possible. A custom “Managed Path” is allowed. More control cannot be delegated to power users and the maximum privilege level is at the Site Collection level.

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