Create Shared Folder Using ManagementClass - C#

Before getting into the code, let's discuss why we need to do this programmatically rather than manually. This kind of functionality is usually required when we are performing an automated deployment process, where we need to create a shared folder for certain user accounts.

C# Code Using ManagementClass

void ShareFolderPermission(string FolderPath, string ShareName, string Description)
                // Calling Win32_Share class to create a shared folder
                ManagementClass managementClass = new ManagementClass("Win32_Share"); 
                // Get the parameter for the Create Method for the folder
                ManagementBaseObject inParams = managementClass.GetMethodParameters("Create");
                ManagementBaseObject outParams; 
                // Assigning the values to the parameters
                inParams["Description"] = Description;
                inParams["Name"] = ShareName;
                inParams["Path"] = FolderPath;
                inParams["Type"] = 0x0; 
                // Finally Invoke the Create Method to do the process
                outParams = managementClass.InvokeMethod("Create", inParams, null); 
                // Validation done here to check sharing is done or not
                if ((uint)(outParams.Properties["ReturnValue"].Value) != 0)
                    MessageBox.Show("Folder might be already in share or unable to share the directory");
            catch (Exception ex)

Code Explanation

  1. ManagementClass

It is a WMI class which is generally used to access the WMI data through the ManagementPath that we pass through the constructor of the ManagementClass.

E.g.:-  ManagementClass managementClass = new ManagementClass("Win32_Share");

  1. ManagementBaseObject

It contains the basic elements of the management object. It serves as a more specific management object classes.

E.g.:- ManagementBaseObject inParams = managementClass.GetMethodParameters("Create");


Call the above function like this

ShareFolderPermissions(@"D:\ Test", "Test", "TestApplication");

Once executed, go to the above specified path, right click the folder and view the properties of it. Go to Sharing tab you can see the result like this.


That's the explanation about the code used here. Rest of the code is understandable.

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