Create a New Site Group in SharePoint 2013 Online Using REST API


SharePoint 2013 introduces a Representational State Transfer (REST) service that is comparable to the existing SharePoint client object models. This allows the developers to interact remotely with SharePoint data by using any technology that supports REST web requests. This means that developers can perform Create, Read, Update and Delete (CRUD) operations from their apps for SharePoint, solutions, and client applications, using REST web technologies and standard Open Data Protocol (OData) syntax. In this article you will see the following:

  • Create an app using the NAPA Tool in SharePoint 2013 Online.
  • Cross-Domain Requests.
  • Create a new site group using REST API.

Endpoint URI

Note: If you are making cross-domain requests then you need to add SP.AppContextSite(@target) and ?@target='<host web url>' to the endpoint URI.

HTTP Request

POST: Create or update a resource.

Create an app using the NAPA Tool

  1. Navigate to the SharePoint 2013 Online site.
  2. Click on Site Contents in the quick launch bar.
  3. Click on “Napa” Office 365 Development Tools.

    Office 365 Development Tools

  4. Click on Add New Project.

    Add New Project

  5. Select App for SharePoint, enter the Project name and then click on Create.

    App for SharePoint


Ensure appropriate permission is provided to access the content. Click on Properties button, and then click on Permissions. Set the required permission to access the content.



Replace the contents of Default.aspx with the following:

<%-- The markup and script in the following Content element will be placed in the <head>of the page --%>

<asp:content contentplaceholderid="PlaceHolderAdditionalPageHead" runat="server">

<script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>

<script type="text/javascript" src="/_layouts/15/sp.runtime.js"></script>

<script type="text/javascript" src="/_layouts/15/sp.js"></script>

<!-- Add your CSS styles to the following file -->

<link rel="Stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../Content/App.css" />

<!-- Add your JavaScript to the following file -->

<script type="text/javascript" src="../Scripts/App.js"></script>


<%-- The markup in the following Content element will be placed in the TitleArea of the page --%>

<asp:content contentplaceholderid="PlaceHolderPageTitleInTitleArea" runat="server">Page Title</asp:content>

<%-- The markup and script in the following Content element will be placed in the <body>of the page --%>

<asp:content contentplaceholderid="PlaceHolderPageTitleInTitleArea" runat="server">REST API Examples</asp:content>

<%-- The markup and script in the following Content element will be placed in the <body>of the page --%>

<asp:content contentplaceholderid="PlaceHolderMain" runat="server">



<b>Create Site Group</b>

<br />

<input type="text" value="Group Name Here" id="creategroupname" />

<button id="creategroupbutton">Create Group</button>





Replace the contents of App.js with the following:

'use strict';

var hostweburl;

var appweburl;

// Load the required SharePoint libraries.

$(document).ready(function() {

    //Get the URI decoded URLs.

    hostweburl = decodeURIComponent(


    appweburl = decodeURIComponent(



    //Assign events to buttons

    $("#creategroupbutton").click(function(event) {





// Resources are in URLs in the form:

// web_url/_layouts/15/resource

var scriptbase = hostweburl + "/_layouts/15/";


// Load SP.RequestExecutor.js to make cross-domain requests

$.getScript(scriptbase + "SP.RequestExecutor.js");



// Utilities

// Retrieve a query string value.

// For production purposes you may want to use a library to handle the query string.

function getQueryStringParameter(paramToRetrieve) {

    var params = document.URL.split("?")[1].split("&");

    for (var i = 0; i < params.length; i = i + 1) {

    var singleParam = params[i].split("=");

    if (singleParam[0] == paramToRetrieve) return singleParam[1];



// Create a new site group

function createGroup() {

    var groupName = document.getElementById("creategroupname").value;

    var executor;

    // Initialize the RequestExecutor with the app web URL.

    // Content Type Header is used to tell server what format data in the body contains.

    executor = new SP.RequestExecutor(appweburl);


    url: appweburl + "/_api/SP.AppContextSite(@target)/web/sitegroups?@target='" + hostweburl + "'",

    method: "POST",

    body: "{ '__metadata': { 'type': 'SP.Group' }, 'Title':'" + groupName + "'}",

    headers: {

    "content-type": "application/json; odata=verbose",


    success: createGroupSuccessHandler,

    error: createGroupErrorHandler



// Success Handler

function createGroupSuccessHandler(data) {

alert("Group Created successfully")


    // Error Handler

    function createGroupErrorHandler(data, errorCode, errorMessage) {

    alert("Could not create a new group: " + errorMessage);


Deploy the App

  1. Click on Run Project.

    Run Project

  2. The app will be packaged, deployed and launched.



  3. Click on "Click here to launch your app in a new window".

    new window

  4. Click on Trust it.


  5. Enter the title for the group and then click on Create Group button.

    Create Group

  6. A new site group is created successfully in the host site.


Thus in this article you saw how to create a new site group in the host site using the REST API in SharePoint 2013 Online.

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