Creating X.509 certificate from Windows Azure BLOB

Sometime you may have to create X.509 certificate on the fly. Imagine you are writing a WCF Service to be hosted in App Fabric or creating a WCF Service Web Role to be hosted in Microsoft Data center. In these scenarios you don't have access to local file system and in the service you are performing Azure subscription level operation using Windows Azure Management API. So to authenticate WCF Service against Windows Service subscription you need to provide the certificate.

X.509 certificate from Windows Azure BLOB

Essentially there are three steps involved in this process,

  1. Read X.509 Certificate file (.cer) from AZURE BLOB.
  2. Create X.509 certificate from the downloaded file from Azure BLOB.
  3. Pass the created certificate as part of request to authenticate.

Read Certificate file from Windows AZURE BLOB storage as byte array

X.509 certificate from Windows Azure BLOB

In above code snippet, we are reading certificate file from BLOB as an array of byte data. You need to add reference of Microsoft.WindowsAzure and Microsoft.WindowsAzure.StorageClient . Container Name is name of your public container.

Create X.509 certificate

Once you have byte array form Azure BLOB, you can create X.509 certificate to be authenticated using the byte array as below,

 X.509 certificate from Windows Azure BLOB

Pass the Certificate to authenticate

 X.509 certificate from Windows Azure BLOB

Here while making call you can add certificate created from AZURE BLOB file .

For your reference full source code is as belsow,

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.Xml.Linq;
using Microsoft.WindowsAzure;
using Microsoft.WindowsAzure.StorageClient; 
namespace ConsoleApplication26
    class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
                      CloudStorageAccount cloudStorageAccount = CloudStorageAccount.
            CloudBlobClient cloudBlobClient = cloudStorageAccount.CreateCloudBlobClient();
            CloudBlobContainer cloudBlobContainer = cloudBlobClient.GetContainerReference
            CloudBlob cloudBlob = cloudBlobContainer.GetBlobReference("debugmode.cer");
            byte[] byteData = cloudBlob.DownloadByteArray();
            X509Certificate2 certificate = new X509Certificate2(byteData);
           var request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("https://management.
            var response = request.GetResponse().GetResponseStream();
            var xmlofResponse = new StreamReader(response).ReadToEnd();
            XDocument doc = XDocument.Parse(xmlofResponse);
            XNamespace ns = "";
            var servicesName = from r in doc.Descendants(ns + "HostedService")
                               select new HostedServices
                                   serviceName = r.Element(ns + "ServiceName").Value
            foreach (var a in servicesName)
        static public  byte[] ReadToEnd(System.IO.Stream stream)
            long originalPosition = stream.Position; 
            stream.Position = 0;      
                byte[] readBuffer = new byte[4096];     
                int totalBytesRead = 0;         
                int bytesRead;        
                while ((bytesRead = stream.Read(readBuffer, totalBytesRead, readBuffer.Length -
totalBytesRead)) > 0)  
                    totalBytesRead += bytesRead;      
                    if (totalBytesRead == readBuffer.Length)  
                        int nextByte = stream.ReadByte();     
                        if (nextByte != -1)           
                            byte[] temp = new byte[readBuffer.Length * 2];       
                            Buffer.BlockCopy(readBuffer, 0, temp, 0, readBuffer.Length);        
                            Buffer.SetByte(temp, totalBytesRead, (byte)nextByte);  
                            readBuffer = temp;      
                byte[] buffer = readBuffer;       
                if (readBuffer.Length != totalBytesRead)        
                    buffer = new byte[totalBytesRead];    
                    Buffer.BlockCopy(readBuffer, 0, buffer, 0, totalBytesRead);   
                return buffer;    
                stream.Position = originalPosition;   
     public    class HostedServices
            public string serviceName { getset; }

I hope this post was useful. Thanks for reading.

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