Scrum Framework - 3 Roles In Agile Scrum

In my previous article, I've explained what Agile, what Scrum,  and the Agile Scrum process are.

Today, we will learn Scrum Roles in Agile Scrum Framework.

There are three main roles in Agile Scrum Framework.

  1. Product Owner
  2. Scrum Master
  3. Development Team
Roles in Agile Scrum Framework

(Figure: Roles and responsibilities of a Scrum Team from The Professional ScrumMaster's Handbook by Stacia Viscardi)

Product Owner is the one who has product vision. He or she is the voice of the customer/stakeholders.


  • Owns Product Backlog
  • Ensures product backlog is transparent, visible, and clear.
  • Closely works with Development Team and Scrum Master.
  • Available to the team to answer any issues or queries and provide feedback.
  • Has authority to cancel a sprint.
  • Accept/Reject development team's work.
  • Participates in Scrum events as needed.

Scrum Master is the person who is responsible for the Process and facilitates Scrum events as needed in the project.

Responsibilities - Service to Development Team

  • Teaches development team to be self-organized and collaborative.
  • Ensures that team will understand and follow the Scrum practice and rules.
  • Helps development team to reflect and improve as a team.
  • Resolves conflicts; acts as a mentor to the development team.

Service to Product Owner

  • Teaches Scrum process and theory to the Product Owner so that the owner can understand the rules.
  • Helps to create a product backlog.
  • Removes impedimentations or dependencies.
  • Helps to order/prioritize the product backlog to maximize the value.
  • Helps Product Owner to write clear user stories for Product Backlog.

Service to the Organization

  • Coaches organization on Scrum
  • Working with other Scrum Masters to increase the performance.
  • Creates a culture where teams can work on the incremental/empirical product development.
Development Team
Development Team is a team of professionals (Size 7 + or – 2) who is responsible for the working product or potentially shippable product at the end of each sprint.


  • They are self-organized and know what the sprint goal is and what to do for achieving the same.
  • Cross-functional teamwork and collaboration
  • Owns Sprint backlog and responsible for the design and quality of the product.
  • Participates in Scrum Events.
  • Estimate items in the backlog.
  • Update Sprint Burndown chart.
  • Help in product backlog refinement.
Hope you like this article. Please let me know your feedback in the comment section. In the next articles, we will discuss three Scrum Artifacts and five Scrum Events.