Interfaces of collection in JAVA

Collection Interfaces :

A simple collection interfaces and classes hierarchy is given below.


Interfaces :

There are two groups of interfaces.

  1.   Collection's
  2.   Map's 

Here is the graphical representation of Collection's interfaces


Here is the graphical representation of Map's interfaces


Iterable Interface :

In Java 5 there is now an Iterable interface (java.lang.Iterable). It is the root interfaces of the Java collection Classes. the collection interface extends Iterable, so all subtype of Collection also implements the Iterable Interface.
The Syntax of Iterable interface is given below

public interface Iterable<T>
A collection provide a Iterator which allows a sequential access to the element of collection. An Iterator can be obtain by calling the following method of collection interface

public Iterator iterator()      
public interface Iterable<T> {
  public Iterator<T> iterator();    
Methods of Iterator 
public boolean hasNext()
public Object next()
public Object remove()
ListIterator Interface 
This is the subinterface of iterator.which allows the programmer to travel in the list in either direction and modification to the underlying list.
Methods of ListIterator
public boolean hasNext() public boolean hasPrevious() public Object next() public Object previous() Public Int nextIndex() Public Int previousIndex()
Public void remove() public void add(Object o) public void set(Object o)

Collection Interface 

The Collection interface (java.util.Collection) is one of the root interfaces of the Java collection classes. Though you do not instantiate a Collection directly, but rather a subtype of Collection, you may often treat these subtypes uniformly as a Collection.

Collection myCollection = new HashSet();

The Collection interface can be a generic  like this

Collection <String> myCollection = new HashSet<String>();

A generic Collection interface are used to type Safity.

Here a Example of Collection interface is given below

import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Iterator;
public class MyCollection
public static void doSomething(Collection collection)
    Iterator iterator = collection.iterator();
      Object object =;
//do something to object here...

Collection Subtypes

The following interfaces (Collection types) extends the Collection interface:

  • List

  • Set

  • SortedSet

  • NavigableSet

  • Queue

  • Deque

Description of these interfaces is given below.

The Collection interface is a group of objects, with duplicates allowed.

Set extends Collection but forbids duplicates.

List extends Collection also, allows duplicates and introduces positional indexing.

Map extends neither Set nor Collection

Interfaces       Description Concrete Classes
Collection A basic interface that define the normal operation that allows a collection of object to be maintain or handle as a single elements.  
Set(Unique Element no order)
A set of unique elements . HashSet

SortedSet(Unique element but in sorted order)

A set in which the elements are stored  in some order. TreeSet
List(Duplicate elements but in insertion order) A sequence of elements that need not be unique. Vector
Map(Unique Keys) A basic interface that define operation for maintaining mapping of keys to values. HashMap
SortedMap(Unique keys but in sorted order) This interface maintaining mapping in sorted in key order. TreeMap


A Queue is a collection for holding elements prior to processing. Besides basic
Collection operations, queues provide additional insertion, removal, and inspection operations.

public interface Queue<E> extends Collection<E> 
{ E element(); boolean offer(E e); E peek(); E poll(); E remove(); }
The Deque interface is a subtype of the Queue interface. It represents a queue where you can insert and remove elements from both ends of the queue. 
Thus, "Deque" is short for "Double Ended Queue" and is pronounced "deck",like a deck of cards.
The NavigableSet interface is a subtype of the SortedSet interface. It behaves like a SortedSet with the exception you have navigation methods available in addition to the sorting mechanisms of the SortedSet.

Map interfaces

The Map interface represents a mapping between a key and a value. the Map interface is not a subtype of the collection interface. Therefore it behaves a bit different from the rest of the collection types.

Example of Map Interface

Step 1 : Create a Java project and give the name 

Step 1

Step 2 : Here the name is Collection Demo.

Step 2

Step 3 : Create the Class by clicking class,a new window is open and give the name of class.

Step 3

Step 4 : Here name of the class DemoMap. In this program we insert some values in to the HashMap by using put() method. The syntax of put() method is define below. 

Object put(Object key, Object value)
we also use size()method in this program.this method find out the size of  the HAshMap. Here we also use Iterator.

import java.util.*;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
public class DemoMap
public static void main(String args[])
      HashMap dm =
new HashMap();
      Set s=dm.entrySet();
      Iterator en =s.iterator();
while (en.hasNext())
            Map.Entry e=(Map.Entry);
            String k=(String) e.getKey();
            String v=(String) e.getValue();

Step 5 :Compile and run the Program,the output of program is given below.


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