Simple Fixed Array: Part I

When I started programming the one thing that would trick me was Arrays. So, with this in mind, I have decided to write some tutorials to try and help other beginners.

What follows is a one dimensional array, an array is simply a container for a list of items in the case of this example it is a list of animals.

First start a New Project, then in solutions explorer click on the form then click view code, you should then see the following. Public Class Form1 End Class Change the Form1 to arrAnimal, see below Public Class arrAnimal End Class Next we need to dimension the array using the Dim statement. Public Class arrAnimal Dim arrAnimal() As String = {"Lion", "Elephant", "Tiger", "Giraffe", "Bear", "Monkey"} End Class You will notice that I have already placed the elements (Animals) in the array ready to be called by the program in the order that they appear, so if for example I was to call array element 3 I would be given 'Giraffe', hands up all those who thought it was going to 'Tiger' well the reason the program returned 'Giraffe' is that the elements in the array are numbered 0,1,2,3,4,5 giving a total of six elements, Yes I know it's weird but what can you do? The next thing we need to do is to add six radio buttons to our form and one label,you can change the name of the Label to LblDisplay.

When you have done this double click on the first RadioButton to bring up the RadioButton1_CheckedChanged event, and copy this code in to it and do the same for all the other radio buttons so that your program now looks like this.Or you can just Copy (Ctrl+C) and Paste (Ctrl + V). 

Public Class AnimalArray Dim arrAnimal() As String = {"Lion", "Elephant", "Tiger", "Giraffe", "Bear", "Monkey"}

Sub RadioButton3_CheckedChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles

    RadioButton3.CheckedChanged(LblDisplay.Text = arrAnimal(2))

End Sub


Private Sub RadioButton4_CheckedChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles

    RadioButton4.CheckedChanged(LblDisplay.Text = arrAnimal(3))

End Sub


Private Sub RadioButton5_CheckedChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles

    RadioButton5.CheckedChanged(LblDisplay.Text = arrAnimal(4))

End Sub


Private Sub RadioButton6_CheckedChanged(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles

    RadioButton6.CheckedChanged(LblDisplay.Text = arrAnimal(5))

End Sub

End Class

Now you can run the program and as you click each RadioButton the RadioButton_CheckedChanged event will place the animal from the array into the LblDisplay,eg clicking RadioButton 4 will display arrAnimal(3) which, if you have been paying attention, you will know is the Giraffe. And that,s it, your first one dimensional Array. Use in a program? could be used for a Hangman type game. If this tutorial is of help and I get some feedback then I will expand the next tutorial to see what other things can be done with arrays.