SQL Queries asked during Interviews

Let me share share some of the Sql questions I have been asked during interviews.


1.   Random Record

Select Random Records From Table

Select top 1 * from Table order by newId()


2.   Max Amount without Order by

Consider a table having a column say amount, write a query to get maximum amount without using order by and max keyword.

1.Declare @MaxValue int

Select @MaxValue=(case when @MaxValue>Amount then

@MaxValue else Amount end) From T1 Select @Maxvalue


2.Declare @MaxValue int

Select @MaxValue=Amount From T1 Group by Amount

Select @MaxValue

3.SELECT T11.Id,T11.Amount as MaxAmount

FROM T1 AS T11 left outER JOIN

T1 AS T12 ON T11.Amount < T12.Amount

GROUP BY T11.Amount, T11.Id

having COUNT(T12.Amount)=0

3.   Swap Column Values

Consider you have table Say TblEmployee with a column say EmployeeName which contain Records as A,B,A,A,B,C,B,C,A your task is to write a query which will change the EmployeeName A to B and B to A.

update TblEmployee

set EmpName = (CASE

WHEN EmpName='A' THEN 'B'

WHEN EmpName='B' THEN 'A'

ELSE EmpName



4.   Get the nth Largest

Consider you have a table TblEmployee with columns EmployeeName and Salary. Find the third largest salary.


1.   Select min(Salary) from
(Select top 3 Salary From TblEmployee order by Salary desc) TempEmployee

2.   Select Top 1 EmployeeName,Salary from
(Select Top 3 EmployeeName,Salary From TblEmployee order by Salary desc) TblTempEmployee order by Salary


5. Top N from Each Group

Consider a table Student with columns  StudenId,Marks,Standard.

Find the Top 3 Students from Each Standard.

With MyTempView


  StudentId varchar(40),

  Standard varchar(max),

  TotalMarks int,

  RowIndex int




  Select *,row_number () over (partition by Standard order by TotalMarks desc)



Select StudentId,Standard,TotalMarks From MyTEmpView where RowIndex<=3


6. Shadow copy using Sql

Write a query to create a clone of existing table without using Create Command.

(Data will not be copied).

Select top 0 * into NewTable From ExistingTable.


7. Delete Duplicate Records

What will be the query to delete duplicate records in a table.

1.   Delete b1
from BookIssue b1
join BookIssue b2
on b1.id>b2.id and b1.Book=b2.Book


2.   Incase table deosnt have identity column

Select distinct Book into #Temp from BookIssue

Truncate Table BookIssue

Insert into BookIssue

Select Book From #Temp


Hope to see some good comments, some questions from seniors.



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