How to Create a Chart Using Reports (RDLC File) in .NET

Technology used : Visual Studio 2012 and SQL Server 2008

Step 1: Create a database named "Test" in SQL Server 2008 that holds a Table called "Employee" with 4 columns (ID, Name, Salary and Dept) , where the ID column is an Identity field and a Primary Key as in the following:

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Employee](
[ID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
[Name] [varchar](50) NULL,
[Salary] [int] NULL,
[Dept] [varchar](50) NULL,

Then insert some data
into the table as in the following:

insert into Employee (Name,Salary,Dept)values('A',50000,'IT')
insert into Employee(Name,Salary,Dept)values('B',10000,
insert into Employee (Name,Salary,Dept)values('C',60000,'IT')
insert into Employee (Name,Salary,Dept)values('D',20000,
insert into Employee (Name,Salary,Dept)values('E',10000,'IT')
insert into Employee (Name,Salary,Dept)values('F',70000,'IT')
insert into Employee (Name,Salary,Dept)values('G',40000,
select * from employee
Create a database 

Step 2: Create a new empty website named "Tutorial_RDLCGraph".

Create a new empty website

Step 3: Create a new Page named "Default.aspx" by right-clicking on the project in Solution Explorer and click on "Add" -> "New Item".
Create a new Page

Step 4: Add a "ScriptManager" from the Ajax Extensions section, "SQLDataSource" from the Data section and "ReportViewer Control" from the Reporting section onto the page.

Step 5: Right-click on the Selected SQL DataSource control in Design Mode then use the following procedure:
  1. Click on "Configure Data Source", it shows a Data Source window.

    SQL DataSource control

  2. Click on the "New Connection" button of the window, it shows the New Connection window for providing the details, like:

    • Select the "Microsoft SQL Server (SqlClient)" as the Data Source.
    • Your database instance name as SeverName.
    • Use SQL Server Authentication Mode as "Long on to the server".
    • Type the Usrename as "sa" and the password of your database.
    • Select the database name as "Test".

    Then click the "OK" button.

    OK button

  3. Now click on the "Next" Button.

    Next Button

  4. Check the CheckBox and click on the "Next" button.

    Check the CheckBox

  5. Click on the "Next" button after choosing the table and columns that you want to display in your report.

    choosing the table and columns

  6. Click on the "Finish" button.

    Finish" button

Step 6: Add a RDLC File named "Report_Graph" file by right-clicking on the project in Solution Explorer and click on "Add" -> "New Item".

Add Report

Step 7: To create the Chart and bind it with the DataSet use the following sub-procedure:

Create the Chart

  1. Right-click on the report and insert the chart that populates a Chart Type window where you can select the type of chart and click "OK".

    Note: In this example I am using 3-D Exploded Pie Chart.

    Chart Type window

  2. When you click on the "OK" button, you will see a Data Source window. Select the connection string name in the new window that you have created earlier in SQL DataSource. On the Default Page click on the "Next" button.

    SQL DataSource

  3. Click on the "Next" button and expand the "Tables" treeview and the check on your table named "Employee"and click on the "Finish" Button.

    Expand the Tables

  4. Click on "Finish" and you will see the Dataset window; click on the "OK" button.

    Dataset window

  5. Now you will see the Chart on your report, expand the body of the report and Chart size after selection.

    Report and Chart size

  6. Select the Legend and you will see the Chart Data window. Add the Department in the Category Groups and ∑ Values then right-click on the Legend and check the "Show Legend Title" and change it.

    Chart Data window

  7. Check the Show Data Lables after right-clicking on the Pie Chart and change the Chart Title.

    Data Lables Chart

Finally your chart is ready and will look like this:

Final chart

Step 9: Right-click on the "ReportViwer" Control after selecting the "Default.aspx" page and choose the "Report_Graph.rdlc" and save the page.

Step 10: Now run the page and see the output.


There are 4 employees belonging to the IT Department and 3 employees belonging to Finance.

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